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What is the book Haggai about?


In the second year of King Darius, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of Jozadak, the high priest:
This is what the Lord Almighty says: “These people say, ‘The time has not yet come to rebuild the Lord’s house.’”
Then the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai: “Is it a time for you yourselves to be living in your paneled houses, while this house remains a ruin?”  Haggai 1:1-4
            After Babylon defeated Judah and moved many of the Jews into a seventy year Jewish exile in Babylon, the Persians later defeated the Babylonians and allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem.  Their first job was to rebuild the temple.
            Haggai was the prophet who spoke to Zerubbabel (the builder/contractor/governor) and Joshua (the high priest) encouraging them to start the building process. 
            Haggai asked the people to examine whether it was right that they lived in houses while God had no house to dwell in.  God asked them if they wondered why things weren’t going so well with them, such as their crops not growing.  He said he was withholding the blessing until they got their priorities right.
This motivated them (verses 1:12-15) and they began building the foundation of the temple then moved to the altar.
Then Joshua son of Jozadak and his fellow priests and Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and his associates began to build the altar of the God of Israel to sacrifice burnt offerings on it, in accordance with what is written in the Law of Moses the man of God.  Ezra 3:2
            God, pleased with the work, gave Zerubbabel authority, calling him a “signet ring,” which kings used to give permission and sign off on documents.  It was a high honor.
            The book of Haggai was a series of four messages during a seven month period (the second month of the year then the seventh month and twice in the ninth month of the second year of Darius reign) in the year 520 BC.