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Why couldn’t women make vows in the Bible?

 “When a young woman still living in her father’s household makes a vow to the Lord or obligates herself by a pledge and her father hears about her vow or pledge but says nothing to her, then all her vows and every pledge by which she obligated herself will stand. But if her father forbids her when he hears about it, none of her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand; the Lord will release her because her father has forbidden her. Numbers 30:3-5
            This section in Numbers 30 talks about a young woman living in her father’s household and also a married woman living with her husband.  The Bible says if she made a vow rashly, without thinking, that vow didn’t stand without her father or husband’s approval.  However, a widow or divorced woman (verse 9) would be bound to her vows.
            This regulation was a back up system to make sure the family was on board with the woman’s vows.  It made sure her father and husband supported her vow.  She could make vows, but she needed to make sure the family was onboard before she made a promise she couldn’t keep.
These are the regulations the Lord gave Moses concerning relationships between a man and his wife, and between a father and his young daughter still living at home.  Numbers 30:16
            So she could make vows.  She just needed to get approval and support, which is still good advice for men and woman in families today.  The Bible always wants families to be at peace.