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What does the Koran think of the Torah and the Bible?

The Koran agrees that the Torah (Old Testament) and Gospel were given by Allah.

Say (O Muhammad): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and that which was vouchsafed unto Moses and Jesus and the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered. If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All spiritual good). Surah 3:84-85

O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him). Any who denieth Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray. Surah 4:136

Lo! We did reveal the Torah, wherein is guidance and a light, by which the prophets who surrendered (unto Allah) judged the Jews, and the rabbis and the priests (judged) by such of Allah’s Scripture as they were bidden to observe, and thereunto were they witnesses. So fear not mankind, but fear Me. And My revelations for a little gain. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are disbelievers. Surah 5:44

The Koran says that the Torah was:
  • Revealed by Allah to Abraham, Ishamel, Isaac, Jacob, the tribes, Moses, Jesus and the prophets
  • Given to the Jews, rabbis, priests
  • A guide for living.
  • Used as judgment by the prophets
  • A true message sent before the Koran.
The Koran makes the same claim about the New Testament.

And We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming that which was (revealed) before him in the Torah, and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is guidance and a light, confirming that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah - a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil). Let the People of the Gospel judge by that which Allah hath revealed therein. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are evil-livers. Surah 5:46-47

The Koran says the Gospel was:
  • Revealed by Allah.
  • Brought by Jesus
  • Confirmed the prophecies of the Old Testament
  • A guide for living.
  • A standard that the People of the Gospel can use to judge.
Say: “O People of the Book! ye have no ground to stand upon unless ye stand fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the revelation that has come to you from your Lord.” It is the revelation that cometh to thee from thy Lord, that increaseth in most of them their obstinate rebellion and blasphemy. But sorrow thou not over (these) people without Faith. Surah 5:68

The Koran agrees that the Law, Gospel and revelation given to the Jews and Christians all come from God and they must follow them closely. Jews and Christians agree with this statement. That’s why they follow their books so closely. The Koran confirms this!

How can the Koran agree with the message of the Bible, but disagree with the people who follow the Bible? The Koran tells Muslims to disassociate with them.

O you who believe! do not take the Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people. Surah 5:51

Unjust? But they appear to be faithful people, following God’s word and the prophet Jesus Christ.

Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spake, while some of them He exalted (above others) in degree; and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) and We supported him with the holy Spirit. And if Allah had so wiled it, those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after the clear proofs had come unto them. But they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with another; but Allah doeth what He will. Surah 2:253

The Koran holds Jesus in high regard. It says:
  • Jesus was given clear proofs of Allah.
  • God supported Jesus with the Holy Spirit.
  • Jesus’ supporters disagreed, some of them believing and other not.
  • Allah didn’t stop their disagreement.
But, because of infighting amongst the Christians, the message was corrupted. They differed. Some believing and some disbelieving.

So, according to the Koran, Allah sent Jesus with his clear message but Jesus failed to communicate his message properly to the world. Allah had the power to stop the infighting that would cause all the disagreements. . .but he did not...for some reason. That would mean Jesus’ entire time on the earth was a waste of time and Allah did not have the power to preserve that message for the next 600 years until Muhammad arrives and got it right.

However, the Koran does not record the infighting that occurred after Muhammad died, causing a split into two groups - the Shites and the Sunnis. Did their fighting cause a corruption too?

The Bible believes God sent his message through Jesus Christ and that his followers spoke and wrote about God’s truth, making sure that the Torah (Old Testament) and Gospel (New Testament) stayed true throughout time, to now. God could not allow anything to stand in his way to reach the world with the truth. He has the power to guarantee that will happen.