What prophecies about Jesus are in Isaiah?


Isaiah pointed to faithful man who would come from the House of David.  Zechariah, John the Baptist’s father, prophesied about someone coming soon from the House of David who would bring salvation.
Isaiah
In love a throne will be established;
    in faithfulness a man will sit on it—
    one from the house of David—
one who in judging seeks justice
    and speeds the cause of righteousness. Isaiah 16:5
Luke
His father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied:
 “Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel,
    
because he has come to his people and redeemed them.
He has raised up a horn of salvation for us
    
in the house of his servant David
(as he said through his holy prophets of long ago),
salvation from our enemies
    
and from the hand of all who hate us—
to show mercy to our ancestors
    
and to remember his holy covenant,
    the oath he swore to our father Abraham:
to rescue us from the hand of our enemies,
    
and to enable us to serve him without fear
     in holiness and righteousness before him all our days. Luke 1:67-75
Isaiah said Jesus would come from the root of Jesse/the line of David.
Isaiah
A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse;
    from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.
Isaiah 11:1
In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious.  Isaiah 11:10
Romans
And again, Isaiah says,
“The Root of Jesse will spring up,
    one who will arise to rule over the nations;
    in him the Gentiles will hope.” Romans 15:12
Matthew directly quoted Isaiah to show that Jesus fulfilled the prophecy.
Isaiah
“Here is my servant, whom I uphold,
    my chosen one in whom I delight;
I will put my Spirit on him,
    and he will bring justice to the nations.
He will not shout or cry out,
    or raise his voice in the streets.
A bruised reed he will not break,
    and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out.
In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;
    he will not falter or be discouraged
till he establishes justice on earth.
    In his teaching the islands will put their hope.” Isaiah 42:1-4
Matthew
Aware of this, Jesus withdrew from that place. A large crowd followed him, and he healed all who were ill. He warned them not to tell others about him. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah:
 “Here is my servant whom I have chosen,
    
the one I love, in whom I delight;
I will put my Spirit on him,
    
and he will proclaim justice to the nations.
He will not quarrel or cry out;
    
no one will hear his voice in the streets.
A bruised reed he will not break,
    
and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out,
till he has brought justice through to victory.
      In his name the nations will put their hope.” Matthew 12:15-21
Isaiah spoke a prophecy which Jesus directly read in a synagogue.
Isaiah
“I, the Lord, have called you in righteousness;
    I will take hold of your hand.
I will keep you and will make you
    to be a covenant for the people
    and a light for the Gentiles,
to open eyes that are blind,
    to free captives from prison
    and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness. Isaiah 42:6-7
Luke
…and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:
“The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
    because he has anointed me
    to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners
    and recovery of sight for the blind,
to set the oppressed free,
    to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”
Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him. He began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”  Luke 4:17-21
Isaiah spoke of a suffering servant whose treatment sounded exactly like Jesus’ crucifixion.
Isaiah
I offered my back to those who beat me,
    my cheeks to those who pulled out my beard;
I did not hide my face
    from mocking and spitting. Isaiah 50:6
Gospels
Then they spit in his face and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him and said, “Prophesy to us, Messiah. Who hit you?” Matthew 26:67-68
Jesus, in the garden before his trial, prayed about the cup of God’s wrath about to be poured out on him.
Isaiah
This is what your Sovereign Lord says,
    your God, who defends his people:
“See, I have taken out of your hand
    the cup that made you stagger;
from that cup, the goblet of my wrath,
    you will never drink again. Isaiah 51:22
Gospels
He went away a second time and prayed, “My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done.” Matthew 26:42
The servant in Isaiah would be “lifted up” (on a cross) but many would be appalled by his disfigurement due to the beating.
Isaiah
See, my servant will act wisely;
    he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted.
Just as there were many who were appalled at him—
    his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any human being
    and his form marred beyond human likeness— Isaiah 51:13-14
Gospels
Then some began to spit at him; they blindfolded him, struck him with their fists, and said, “Prophesy!” And the guards took him and beat him.  Mark 14:65
Jesus grew up as a normal, average person, much like a flower grows from a seed and develops.
Isaiah
He grew up before him like a tender shoot,
    and like a root out of dry ground.
He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him,
    nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.  Isaiah 53:2
Gospels
And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man. Luke 2:52
Jesus was despised, beaten and pierced for our sins.  We are sinners who have gone astray, like sheep.
Isaiah
He was despised and rejected by mankind,
    a man of suffering, and familiar with pain.
Like one from whom people hide their faces
    he was despised, and we held him in low esteem.
Surely he took up our pain
    and bore our suffering,
yet we considered him punished by God,
    stricken by him, and afflicted.
But he was pierced for our transgressions,
    he was crushed for our iniquities;
the punishment that brought us peace was on him,
    and by his wounds we are healed.
We all, like sheep, have gone astray,
    each of us has turned to our own way;
and the Lord has laid on him
    the iniquity of us all. Isaiah 53:3-6
Gospels
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,” and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.” John 18:34-37
1 Peter
“He himself bore our sins” in his body on the cross, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; “by his wounds you have been healed.”  For “you were like sheep going astray,” but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls. 1 Peter 2:24-25
When Jesus was on trial, he did not oppose the charges.
Isaiah
He was oppressed and afflicted,
    yet he did not open his mouth;
he was led like a lamb to the slaughter,
    and as a sheep before its shearers is silent,
    so he did not open his mouth.
By oppression and judgment he was taken away.
    Yet who of his generation protested?
For he was cut off from the land of the living;
    for the transgression of my people he was punished. Isaiah 53:7-8
Matthew
When he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer. Then Pilate asked him, “Don’t you hear the testimony they are bringing against you?” But Jesus made no reply, not even to a single charge—to the great amazement of the governor.  Matthew 27:12-14
Acts
This is the passage of Scripture the eunuch was reading:
“He was led like a sheep to the slaughter,
    and as a lamb before its shearer is silent,
    so he did not open his mouth.
In his humiliation he was deprived of justice.
    Who can speak of his descendants?
    For his life was taken from the earth.” Acts 8:32-33
Jesus was buried in a tomb meant for the rich.
Isaiah
He was assigned a grave with the wicked,
    and with the rich in his death,
though he had done no violence,
    nor was any deceit in his mouth. Isaiah 53:9
Matthew
As evening approached, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who had himself become a disciple of Jesus. Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus’ body, and Pilate ordered that it be given to him. Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. He rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb and went away.  Matthew 27:57-60
1 Peter
 To this you were called, because Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in his steps.
“He committed no sin,
    
and no deceit was found in his mouth.”
When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly. 1 Peter 2:21-23
God meant to crush Jesus so we can have life.
Isaiah
Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer,
    and though the Lord makes his life an offering for sin,
he will see his offspring and prolong his days,
    and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.
After he has suffered,
    he will see the light of life and be satisfied;
by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many,
    and he will bear their iniquities.
Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,
    and he will divide the spoils with the strong,
because he poured out his life unto death,
    and was numbered with the transgressors.
For he bore the sin of many,
    and made intercession for the transgressors.  Isaiah 53:10-12
Romans
But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Romans 5:8
1 Corinthians
For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures… 1 Corinthians 15:3-4
Jesus read a prophecy in Isaiah 61 then told everyone he fulfilled it.
Isaiah
The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me,
    because the Lord has anointed me
    to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
    to proclaim freedom for the captives
    and release from darkness for the prisoners,[
a]
to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor
    and the day of vengeance of our God,
to comfort all who mourn… Isaiah 61:1-2
Luke
He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:
 “The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
    because he has anointed me
    to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners
    and recovery of sight for the blind,
to set the oppressed free,
to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”
Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him. He began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” Luke 4:16-21
Jesus reached out to Gentiles as Isaiah prophesied.
Isaiah
Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the nations, by the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan—
The people walking in darkness
    have seen a great light;
on those living in the land of deep darkness
    a light has dawned. Isaiah 9:1-2
Matthew
When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he withdrew to Galilee. Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali—to fulfill what was said through the prophet Isaiah:
 “Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali,
    
the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan,
    
Galilee of the Gentiles—
the people living in darkness
    
have seen a great light;
on those living in the land of the shadow of death
    
a light has dawned.”  Matthew 4:12-16
Jesus came to heal and take on our diseases.
Isaiah
Surely he took up our pain
    and bore our suffering,
yet we considered him punished by God,
    stricken by him, and afflicted. Isaiah 53:4
Matthew
When evening came, many who were demon-possessed were brought to him, and he drove out the spirits with a word and healed all the sick. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah:
“He took up our infirmities
    and bore our diseases.” Matthew 8:15-17
Jesus and Paul challenged people’s stubbornness to hear the truth and believe.
Isaiah
He said, “Go and tell this people:
“‘Be ever hearing, but never understanding;
    
be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’
Make the heart of this people calloused;
    
make their ears dull
    
and close their eyes.
Otherwise they might see with their eyes,
    
hear with their ears,
    
understand with their hearts,
and turn and be healed.”  Isaiah 6:9-10
Matthew
This is why I speak to them in parables:
“Though seeing, they do not see;
    though hearing, they do not hear or understand.
In them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah:
“‘You will be ever hearing but never understanding;
    you will be ever seeing but never perceiving.
For this people’s heart has become calloused;
    they hardly hear with their ears,
    and they have closed their eyes.
Otherwise they might see with their eyes,
    hear with their ears,
    understand with their hearts
and turn, and I would heal them.’  Matthew 13:13-15
Acts
They disagreed among themselves and began to leave after Paul had made this final statement: “The Holy Spirit spoke the truth to your ancestors when he said through Isaiah the prophet:
 “‘Go to this people and say,
“You will be ever hearing but never understanding;
    you will be ever seeing but never perceiving.”
For this people’s heart has become calloused;
    they hardly hear with their ears,
    and they have closed their eyes.
Otherwise they might see with their eyes,
    hear with their ears,
    understand with their hearts
and turn, and I would heal them.’  Acts 28:25-27
Jesus told the Pharisees they became the hypocrites Isaiah said they would become.
Isaiah
The Lord says:
“These people come near to me with their mouth
    and honor me with their lips,
    but their hearts are far from me.
Their worship of me
    is based on merely human rules they have been taught. Isaiah 29:13
Matthew
You hypocrites! Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you:
 “‘These people honor me with their lips,
    but their hearts are far from me.
They worship me in vain;
    their teachings are merely human rules.’  Matthew 15:7-9
Mark
He replied, “Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written:
“‘These people honor me with their lips,
    but their hearts are far from me.
They worship me in vain;
    their teachings are merely human rules.’
You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to human traditions.” Mark 7:6-8
Isaiah offered to speak for the Lord but God warned him that people would not believe the truth about God.
Isaiah
Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?”
And I said, “Here am I. Send me!”
He said, “Go and tell this people:
“‘Be ever hearing, but never understanding;
    
be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’
Make the heart of this people calloused;
    
make their ears dull
    
and close their eyes.
Otherwise they might see with their eyes,
    
hear with their ears,
    
understand with their hearts,
and turn and be healed.” Isaiah 6:8-10
Who has believed our message
    
and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? Isaiah 53:1
John
Even after Jesus had performed so many signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet:
“Lord, who has believed our message
    
and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
For this reason they could not believe, because, as Isaiah says elsewhere:
 “He has blinded their eyes
    
and hardened their hearts,
so they can neither see with their eyes,
    
nor understand with their hearts,
    
nor turn—and I would heal them.”
Isaiah said this because he saw Jesus’ glory and spoke about him. John 12:37-41
God used prophecy in Isaiah to introduce an Ethiopian eunuch to Jesus.
Isaiah
He was oppressed and afflicted,
    yet he did not open his mouth;
he was led like a lamb to the slaughter,
    and as a sheep before its shearers is silent,
    so he did not open his mouth.
By oppression and judgment he was taken away.
    Yet who of his generation protested?
For he was cut off from the land of the living;
    for the transgression of my people he was punished. Isaiah 53:7-8
Acts
Then Philip ran up to the chariot and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. “Do you understand what you are reading?” Philip asked.
 “How can I,” he said, “unless someone explains it to me?” So he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.
This is the passage of Scripture the eunuch was reading:
“He was led like a sheep to the slaughter,
    
and as a lamb before its shearer is silent,
    
so he did not open his mouth.
In his humiliation he was deprived of justice.
    
Who can speak of his descendants?
    
For his life was taken from the earth.”
The eunuch asked Philip, “Tell me, please, who is the prophet talking about, himself or someone else?” Then Philip began with that very passage of Scripture and told him the good news about Jesus.  Acts 8:30-35
Paul in Romans said that God will use whoever he wants to use to get the word out.
Isaiah
Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel,
    only a remnant will return.
Destruction has been decreed,
    overwhelming and righteous.
The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out
    the destruction decreed upon the whole land. Isaiah 10:22-23
Unless the Lord Almighty
    had left us some survivors,
we would have become like Sodom,
    we would have been like Gomorrah. Isaiah 1:9
Romans
Isaiah cries out concerning Israel:
“Though the number of the Israelites be like the sand by the sea,
    
only the remnant will be saved.
For the Lord will carry out
    
his sentence on earth with speed and finality.”
It is just as Isaiah said previously:
“Unless the Lord Almighty
    
had left us descendants,
we would have become like Sodom,
    
we would have been like Gomorrah.” Romans 9:27-29
Jesus became a stumbling block for many people.
Isaiah
 He will be a holy place;
    for both Israel and Judah he will be
a stone that causes people to stumble
    and a rock that makes them fall.
And for the people of Jerusalem he will be
    a trap and a snare.
Many of them will stumble;
    they will fall and be broken,
    they will be snared and captured.” Isaiah 8:14-15
 So this is what the Sovereign Lord says:
“See, I lay a stone in Zion, a tested stone,
    a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation;
the one who relies on it
    will never be stricken with panic. Isaiah
28:16
Romans
Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone. As it is written:
“See, I lay in Zion a stone that causes people to stumble
    and a rock that makes them fall,
    and the one who believes in him will never be put to shame.” Romans 9:32-33
God foreknew Israel would reject Jesus so God used the Gentiles (non-Jews) to reach the masses.
Isaiah
Who has believed our message
    and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? Isaiah 53:1
“I revealed myself to those who did not ask for me;
    I was found by those who did not seek me.
To a nation that did not call on my name,
    I said, ‘Here am I, here am I.’
All day long I have held out my hands
    to an obstinate people,
who walk in ways not good,
    pursuing their own imaginations— Isaiah 65:1-2
Romans
But not all the Israelites accepted the good news. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our message?” Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word about Christ. But I ask: Did they not hear? Of course they did:
“Their voice has gone out into all the earth,
    
their words to the ends of the world.”
Again I ask: Did Israel not understand? First, Moses says,
“I will make you envious by those who are not a nation;
    
I will make you angry by a nation that has no understanding.”
And Isaiah boldly says,
“I was found by those who did not seek me;
    
I revealed myself to those who did not ask for me.”
But concerning Israel he says,
“All day long I have held out my hands
    
to a disobedient and obstinate people.” Romans 10:16-21