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Why was Jesus tempted for forty days?

Remember how the Lord your God led you all the way in the wilderness these forty years, to humble and test you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commands. He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your ancestors had known, to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.  Deuteronomy 8:2-3
            Jesus’ forty-day temptation in the desert drew parallels to the Israelites forty year wilderness experience.  Remember, the spies were gone for forty days and God punished their lack of faith to take the promised land by causing the Israelites to wander in the wilderness for forty years, one year for every day the spies were gone.
            Jesus quoted the Devil three times in response to three temptations.  Two of those responses were direct quotes from Deuteronomy (6:16, 8:3) and one from Psalms (91:11,12).   The Deuteronomy quotes come right from passages talking about the forty-year experience.
            The Israelites failed in their forty-day and forty-year experience, but Jesus did not fail for forty days to show them that he was God.