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What is the book of Nahum about?

A prophecy concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.  Nahum 1:1
            The prophet Nahum spoke this prophecy against the city of Nineveh, the capitol of Assyria.  God had enough of Assyrian rule and vowed to take the nation down.  He used Babylon to defeat Assyrian dominance at the battle of Carchemish in 605 BC.  Nahum probably wrote this around the mid 600 BC (663-654 BC).
            Assyria wiped out the northern nation of Israel (ten tribes) and was closing in on the southern nation (two tribes). 
            A century before, God sent Jonah to Nineveh to save the Assyrians.  A century later the city forgot their pledges to God and were more evil then ever.  God could not stand around and watch them any longer.  Though Assyria had a powerful army (numerous like locusts, with advanced chariots and military weaponry), God was not deterred.
 “I am against you,”
    declares the Lord Almighty.
“I will burn up your chariots in smoke,
    and the sword will devour your young lions.
    I will leave you no prey on the earth.
The voices of your messengers
    will no longer be heard.”  Nahum 2:13
            The Assyrians tried to ally with Egypt (mentioned in Nahum 3:9) but God allowed Babylon to easily take them both down in the battle of Carchemish.
Nothing can heal you;
    your wound is fatal.
All who hear the news about you
    clap their hands at your fall,
for who has not felt
    your endless cruelty?  Nahum 3:19
            When God wants to annihilate a nation, he can.  Nothing stands in his way.