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Would this command apply to slaves in America in the 1700s?


Slaves, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, and with sincerity of heart, just as you would obey Christ. Obey them not only to win their favor when their eye is on you, but as slaves of Christ, doing the will of God from your heart. Serve wholeheartedly, as if you were serving the Lord, not people, because you know that the Lord will reward each one for whatever good they do, whether they are slave or free.
And masters, treat your slaves in the same way. Do not threaten them, since you know that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no favoritism with him. Ephesians 6:5-9
            As harsh and as hateful as the mistreatment of slaves sometimes was, the commandment would apply in the time of Paul to the time of the 1700s to today.  Revenge is never a precedent God encourages and He says to leave that to Him.  In the meantime, as He works in the background, He tells the people, no matter how difficult the circumstances, to love and persevere and do what we’re told.  This applies to our work environments too, where so feel like abused slaves, underappreciated and bullied.
            We thank God that we have laws to protect us from abuses today, but back then, if a slave read this verse—and he loved God—he would have to serve wholeheartedly as if serving the Lord.
            However, verse 9, speaks to masters and if a master read the Bible he was commanded not to threaten.  Both slave and master would be judged on how closely they followed these commands.